About Biomass

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About Biomass

Biomass is a general term for material derived from growing plants or from animal manure. Bioenergy refers to the technical systems through which biomass is produced or collected, converted and used as an energy source. A wide variety of conversion routes can be distinguished that produce a variety of  energy carriers either in a solid, liquid or gaseous form. These energy carriers address all types of energy markets: heat, electricity and transportation.

Bioenergy already provides the majority of renewable energy worldwide and is considered to have the potential to provide a large fraction of world energy demand over the next century. At the same time, if biomass systems are managed properly, bioenergy will contribute to meet the requirement of reducing carbon emissions.

In the EU-27, bioenergy contributes only to 3.7% of the total primary energy supply; however, it plays a considerable role in several European countries such as Finland and Sweden for instance, where its contribution amounts respectively 20% and 16% of the gross inland consumption.



Estimated demand for biomass for energy in the EU27 countries based on national renewable energy projections[76] and reported conversion efficiencies [5,77]. (Bentsen and Felby, Biotechnology for Biofuels, 2012 5:25, doi:10.1186/1754-6834-5-25)

  • Heat consumption from solid biomass (2011):  64,9 MTOE.
  • Electricity produced from solid biomass in (2011): 72,8 TWh
  • Primary energy production from solid biomass (2011): 78,8 MTOE


Biochemicals (other than pharmaceuticals) will increase from 1.8% of all chemical production in 2005 to between 12% and 20% by 2015.

Biodiesel consumption (EU): 13,000 Million Liters. Bioethanol Consumption (EU): 6,200 Million Liters (Biofules Annual 2012)


Bidiesel production (EU) : 10,200 Million Liters. Ethanol Consumption (EU) : 2,600 Million Liters (Biofuels Annual 2012)